The usual flow of electricity to the consumer is from the generating plant into transmission system through distribution system. Electric transmission systems act as tie point with interconnecting transmission lines structured by all high pressure cables and overhead lines transmitting high voltage power in bulk quantities from power generating source to delivery substations, where step-down transformers convert electricity in different power levels for supply of power to residential, commercial, and industrial consumers. Transmission system Transmission lines provide interconnections for the transfer of power between utilities using the wheel-barrowing of power. This integrated high voltage backbone system of interconnected transmission lines, substations and generating plants is commonly referred to as grid. National Grid procures balancing services in order to balance demand and supply and to ensure the security and quality of electricity supply across the transmission system for distribution. Essentially, the grid coordinate system divides any particular area served into a number of small areas in a grid pattern by superimposing on a map a system of grid lines. Ergo the country has been demarcated into five electrical regions viz. Northern (NR), Eastern (ER), Western (WR), Southern (SR) and North Eastern (NER). However, NR, ER, WR and NER have been synchronously […]
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